While no sector of society is immune, the numbers are especially high in lower-income African-American and Latina populations. A victim of intimate partner violence IPV for many years, she turned to illegal drugs.
It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. This puts you at risk for serious infections and certain cancers.
AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV. HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person.
It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth. The first signs of HIV infection may be swollen glands and flu-like symptoms.
These may come and go within two to four weeks. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later. A blood test can tell if you have HIV infection.
Your health care provider can do the test, or you can use a home testing kit. There is no cure, but there are many medicines that fight HIV infection and lower the risk of infecting others. People who get early treatment can live with the disease for a long time.
Strategies to reduce the risk of HIV infection include not having sex, limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex.
People who are at high risk may take HIV prevention medicines.1 million people died from AIDS-related illnesses in , bringing the total number of people who have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic to million.
The vast majority of people living with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. Events. Awareness Days. February 7 National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day; March 10 National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day; March 20National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day; April 10 National Youth HIV & AIDS Awareness Day; April 18 National Transgender HIV Testing Day; May 18 HIV Vaccine Awareness Day; May 19 National Asian & Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS .
About the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. Learn more about the Division responsible for HIV prevention in the U.S. Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS: On the Fast-Track to Accelerate the Fight Against HIV and to End the AIDS Epidemic by ; June 8, ← Return to text.
UNAIDS. South Africa has the biggest and most high profile HIV epidemic in the world, with an estimated million people living with HIV in South Africa accounts for a third of all new HIV infections in southern Africa.1 In , there were , new HIV infections and, South Africans died from AIDS-related illnesses.2 South Africa has the .
More than thirty years after the first clinical evidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was reported, AIDS has become one of the most devastating diseases humankind has ever faced.
Since the epidemic began, more than 60 million people have been infected with the virus and nearly 30 million.