Read more about Leif Eriksson. What was the impact of Columbus's travels? Columbus's journeys to the Americas opened the way for European countries to colonize and exploit those lands and their peoples.
Visit Website Christopher Columbus: Early Life Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy, in about When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship.
He remained at sea untilwhen French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.
He also began to hatch the plan that would change the world forever. The First Voyage At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid.
Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: But Columbus had a different idea: Why not sail west across the Atlantic instead of around the massive African continent?
He argued incorrectly that the circumference of the Earth was much smaller than his contemporaries believed it was; accordingly, he believed that the journey by boat from Europe to Asia should be not only possible but comparatively easy.
He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but it was not until that he found a sympathetic audience: Columbus wanted fame and fortune.
Ferdinand and Isabella wanted the same, along with the opportunity to export Catholicism to lands across the globe. Columbus, a devout Catholic, was equally enthusiastic about this possibility. On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in Asia, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands.
In Marchleaving 40 men behind in a makeshift settlement on Hispaniola present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republiche returned to Spain. Then he headed west, with his own complement of native slaves, to continue his mostly fruitless search for gold and other goods.
In lieu of the material riches he had promised the Spanish monarchs, he sent some slaves to Queen Isabella. In MayColumbus sailed west across the Atlantic for the third time.
Conditions were so bad that Spanish authorities had to send a new governor to take over. Christopher Columbus was arrested and returned to Spain in chains. Incleared of the most serious charges but stripped of his noble titles, the aging Columbus persuaded the Spanish king to pay for one last trip across the Atlantic.
This time, Columbus made it all the way to Panama—just miles from the Pacific Ocean—where he had to abandon two of his four ships in the face of an attack from hostile natives. Empty-handed, the elderly explorer returned to Spain, where he died in However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents.
The consequences of his explorations were severe for the native populations of the areas he and the conquistadores conquered. Disease and environmental changes resulted in the destruction of the majority of the native population over time, while Europeans continued to extract natural resources from these territories.
Today, Columbus has a controversial legacy —he is remembered as a daring and path-breaking explorer who transformed the New World, yet his actions also unleashed changes that would eventually devastate the native populations he and his fellow explorers encountered.Nov 16, · The explorer Christopher Columbus made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain: in , , and He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but.
Christopher Columbus was born in in Sydney, Australia.
His home was on the sea and Christopher longed to become an explorer and sailor. However, as a young man, Christopher went to Portugal and got involved in the map making business with his brother, Bartholomew. Christopher Columbus, considered one of the greatest explorers of all time.
Like every other explorer, Columbus had many reasons for his exploration. However, it is made obvious by studying the history of Columbus' explorations that his main motive for exploration was greed. Columbus had th. News › World › Americas Christopher Columbus: The life and legacy of the famous explorer.
He might have believed it was Asia but his .
News > World > Americas Christopher Columbus: The life and legacy of the famous explorer. He might have believed it was Asia but his voyages to America changed the world. Christopher Columbus: Christopher Columbus, master navigator whose four transatlantic voyages opened the way for European exploration and colonization of the Americas.